The mission of the Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine is to provide outstanding programs in oral health education, patient care, research and scholarship, and service that are of value to our constituents. We accomplish this in an environment that fosters collegiality and professionalism that enables a diverse group of students to become competent practitioners of dentistry and contribute to the health and well-being of individuals and populations.
Characteristics of a partial skull recently discovered in Manot Cave in Israel’s West Galilee provide the earliest evidence that modern humans co-inhabited the area with Neanderthals and could have met and interbred 55,000 years ago. The finding, which challenges a previous hypothesis that the two species potentially met 45,000 years ago somewhere in Europe—is reported in the Advance Online Publication Nature article, “Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the First European modern humans.”
“It has been suspected that modern man and Neanderthals were in the same place at the same time, but we didn’t have the physical evidence. Now we do have it in the new skull fossil,” said paleontologist Bruce Latimer, from the school's Department of Orthodontics. Latimer and Mark Hans, chair of the department, were among a team of researchers who worked closely with the study’s lead investigator, Israel Hershkovitz, professor of anatomy and anthropology at Tel Aviv University.
Under the direction of former dental school Dean Jerold Goldberg, CWRU formed a 10-year partnership with Israel Antiquities Authority and Tel Aviv University in 2012 to excavate the cave. As a result of this partnership, Latimer joined Hans to expand the scope of orthodontic research on craniofacial growth and development to include human evolution. The Manot Cave project also is part of CWRU’s Institute for the Science of Origins (ISO) initiative.
The Manot Cave project is directed by Ofer Marder from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Omry Barzilai from the Israel Antiquities Authority, Israel Hershkovitz from Tel Aviv University and Bruce Latimer from CWRU.
CWRU and Cleveland Clinic are expanding their health education collaboration to include dental and nursing students on the planned medical education campus. Located on East 93rd Street between Euclid and Chester Avenues, the 485,000-square-foot quadrangle building will include cutting-edge technology and innovative learning spaces. The space is expressly designed to encourage interaction among all students, not only in classrooms, but also in dining and study areas. Future students will graduate with a deeper understanding of how caregivers complement one another's work and an appreciation for the unique roles of each profession in enhancing outcomes for patients.
The four-story building's academic spaces and offices will wrap around a soaring, airy atrium where students, faculty, and staff will gather for meals and conversation. All furniture will be movable, so the atrium will also be able to host large events, including lectures, convocations, and banquets. The strcture will meet LEED Silver environmental building standards, at minimum.
“Collaboration among the professions is the key to improving health care in the 21st century,” School of Dental Medicine Dean Kenneth B. Chance, DDS, said. “This project gives us an extraordinary opportunity to provide all of our students the kinds of experiences that will allow them to excel in this rapidly evolving landscape.”
CWRU School of Dental Medicine and the Department of Otolaryngology at University Hospitals Case Medical Center will collaborate on a pilot study to examine whether an abundance of naturally occurring antibacterial proteins in the mouth can predict the development of oral cancers. The researchers hope to find a way to diagnose oral cancers in the earliest, more treatable stages, and to eventually halt cancer growth once diagnosed.
The researchers will investigate how high levels of human beta-defensin-3 (hBD-3) in saliva and pre-cancerous tissues can be used to detect oral cancers faster and less invasively than traditional methods, said Aaron Weinberg, Associate Dean and Chair of the Department of Biological Sciences at the School of Dental Medicine. They have found elevated levels of this protein in precancerous lesions and some oral cancers, which may provide early identification of these frequently asymptomatic cancers.
The hBD-3 peptide, which is found in the epithelial lining of the mouth, acts as a natural antibiotic in the body’s immune system. HBD-3 prevents the estimated 700 species of bacteria as well as viruses and fungi that live in the mouth from invading the body and causing disease.
The researchers will recruit 60 participants seeking treatment at UH Case Medical Center for possible oral cancers. They are also interested in patients with human papilloma virus (HPV), as this virus is increasingly correlated with increased incidence of head and neck cancer.
President Barbara R. Snyder has announced that a 1979 alumnus of the School of Dental Medicine will become its next dean July 1. Kenneth B. Chance, Sr., a professor and chief of endodontics at the University of Kentucky, will succeed longtime dental school leader Jerry Goldberg this summer after a comprehensive national search. A member of Case Western Reserve’s Board of Trustees since 2005, he will resign that seat later this month. “I am excited and honored by the opportunity to return to this campus at a pivotal time for the school and for health care nationally,” Chance said. “Jerry’s tenure has been transformative, and I look forward to building on his legacy and accelerating our momentum.”
Chance earned his undergraduate degree at Fordham University. After earning his DDS at Case Western Reserve, he completed a general practice residency at Jamaica Hospital in Jamaica, N.Y., followed by an endodontic postgraduate residency at the University of Medicine and Dentistry in New Jersey (UMDNJ, now part of Rutgers University). In 1997, Chance became dean of the School of Dentistry at Meharry Medical College in Nashville, TN. From there, Chance went to the University of Kentucky, where he won awards for teaching and also advised the school’s chapter of the Student National Dental Association. He has been active in faculty development and interprofessional education initiatives at Kentucky after earlier leading extensive efforts at UMDNJ to engage minority students in the pursuit of dentistry. Chance has received multiple honors from Case Western Reserve’s dental school, including the Paul P. Sherwood Award for Excellence in Endodontics in 1979, Distinguished Alumnus of the Year in 2004, Appreciation and Recognition of Commitment in 2011, and Discovering the Future of Dental Medicine Award in 2012.
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